How to Share a River

Our second Water Policy Lab aims to understand the possible pathways to improve arrangements for sharing rivers in Goa and beyond.

There is an urgent need to examine policy processes around water sharing arrangements in India, in particular the role of politics, ideas and institutions that shape river management. This can help identify ‘levers’ to influence and change policies and support more deliberative policy-making. Insights from the eld and new disciplinary approaches highlight the informal and often messy way in which policy is formulated. Methods and frameworks that can capture these change pathways, to unpack the policy process and and strategies for progressive policy change are needed.

Through the Goa Water Policy Lab (April 2017), a framework of six interacting pathways of change for influencing water policies in Goa was developed. Drawing on the outputs of the first policy lab, Tandem Research’s second Water Policy Lab aims to understand the possible pathways to improve arrangements for sharing rivers in Goa and beyond, by supporting deliberative multi-stakeholder processes.

Politics and practices

How do politics and practices of water sharing play out in India’s federal structure, especially in relation to the respective powers of the States and the Centre? How can the efficacy of legislations and institutions for interstate river dispute resolutions be evaluated and improved?

De-centralisation, innovation and grass root action

Are there examples of successful civil society and people led initiatives for resolving water disputes – in India and elsewhere – that are relevant for resolution of inter-state disputes?

Can deliberative processes that engage water user-groups and grass-root organisations align with the formal and legal processes?

Pathways of Change

What are the pathways or routes of in uence with the potential to directly or indirectly change policies and affect the behaviour of policy makers and policy-making bodies?


Vikrom Mathur

Vikrom believes that interdisciplinary research on cultural attitudes towards nature and technology need to inform contemporary debates on societal futures. His research interests include the governance of emerging technologies, social and cultural dimensions of technological transitions, cultural perceptions of environmental risk, dynamics between science and policy, and Cultural Theory. He is currently setting up India’s first Urban Living Lab in Panjim as a platform to design, test and fine-tune socio-technical innovation in local urban spaces. He has a PhD from the Institute of Science, Society, and Innovation at the University of Oxford.