Response to NITI Aayog’s Working Document “Enforcement Mechanisms for Responsible #AIforAll”
This response considers the suitability of a risk-based approach to the governance of AI in the Indian context.
The NITI Aayog working document on “Enforcement Mechanisms for Responsible #AIforAll” advocates a flexible and context-specific, risk-based approach to regulating AI which is to be effectuated by an oversight body. The document argues that a one-size-fits-all approach is not sustainable in the light of the rapid growth of AI in the past few years, across diverse industries and sectors in India. While risk-based approaches can rationalize regulatory resources and capacity, these are not value neutral decisions.
Our response to the NITI Aayog’s working document “Enforcement Mechanisms for Responsible #AIforAll” is organised in three parts: part I examines risk-based and principle-based approaches to the regulation of AI, and considers these with regard to alternative and complementary frameworks and approaches; part II examines the role of the oversight body; and part III focuses on the need for upstream management of technological innovation and the role of responsible innovation with regard to AI.